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Achieving the ambitious ecological transition objectives that the European Union and France have set themselves necessarily implies decarbonising mobility. Simultaneous action on several fronts is required: changing the way we travel, looking to research and innovation (especially for decarbonising road traffic), but also finding appropriate, sustainable, and acceptable sources of finance to modernise and develop infrastructure (and services) promoting modal shift. The transport infrastructure financing issue has therefore become a major challenge. And so it was that AFIT France and Gustave Eiffel University, in partnership with Cerema and TDIE, and in the context of the French Presidency of the Council of the European Union, organised a European conference with their counterparts entitled “Decarbonising mobility: the future of transport infrastructure financing”. This conference took place on 22nd February 2022 at the Maison de la Chimie and was attended by almost 100 participants from 15 European countries. Taking an entirely novel approach, this conference was an opportunity to share perspectives with essential and complementary actors involved in the decarbonisation of mobility. Public decision-makers, representatives of transport infrastructure financing institutions, and eminent scientists took it in turns to take the floor and engaged in debate in an effort to identify innovative solutions for decarbonising mobility. This conference was also an opportunity to initiate a dialogue, which we hope will become an established fixture, between transport infrastructure financing structures at European level. By publishing the proceedings of this conference, we hope that a wider audience will benefit from the quality of the speeches and productive discussions that characterised this pioneering initiative.